The city of today can no longer be seen as the result of a linear process; are the rapid pace of change and instability regimes of economic accumulation to impose a different focus to the changing conditions of the new urban structures and to question the traditional strategies of building the city.
Chinese cities are the largest architectural laboratory in the world, some characteristics such as density, congestion, the “hunger” of space, speed, and responsiveness to the dynamics of modernity, make an ideal setting for any type of study is not ideological and therefore able to react quickly according to adaptation strategies and versatility in a context in a state of continuous change.
This way of operating in those contexts, comes unbridled utilitarianism: “there is an empty space let’s use” buildings are mixed with elements of the environment, and build a new dimension unthinkable by combining different elements, the squares, the green, the train tracks, highways, to do something in which the limit of the building remains vaguely defined.
You may think that a new condition of urban space and architecture is articulated by these buildings for each specific case.
Operate in these urban ‘hectic’ is fascinating and will require new ways of thinking, alternative and synergy of a dynamic process that offers different answers and different scenarios that are more responsive to the forces at evolving.
The judgment is to think of a constructible project in which technical knowledge is new expressions, offering design solutions to compositional intentions of its author, this is a link that is in sustainable a need for action according to a timeline that considers the development of present and future mutually dependent, and this due to the fact that the relationship between architecture and technology construction that make it possible, is expressed through a conscious approach to construction and his impact on the surrounding world; although sustainable building is perhaps the biggest challenge that confronts innovation.
If for innovation, in fact, it is proposed to again, what does not yet exist, change that exists in the light of new objectives that you always get new results; then innovation means change the current paradigm that sees the field of construction as the highest official of the factors of pollution of our planet (High consumption of fossil fuels, a manufacturer of non-reusable waste, etc…).
In this context, fits the idea of re-designing the cities according to the vision of the most recent Smart city, where you can reconcile and meet the needs of the inhabitants and the system thanks to the wide and innovative environmental, energy for sustainable development and also through a new way of thinking architecture.
So new buildings SMART on a human scale, for the new SmartCity, identified through the pursuit of six major objectives: smart economy, smart mobility, smart environment, smart people, smart living and smart governance. Six pylons of a new way of understanding our city in connection with the local traditions and neoclassical theories of growth and urban development.
In particular, objectives, while respecting the territorial competitiveness, are based on the economy of transport, also by the widespread use of ICT (Information and Communications Technology), the use of natural resources, improving the quality of life, the use of human and social capital and active participation of citizens in governance of cities.
The object of the project is a new integration of Architecture and Engineering, the use of materials; reinforced concrete for the central nucleus, steel for the structure and wood for the housing cells. The result is a long lasting, economic, sustainable, healthy, compact and safe Architecture.
The structure of the cell type is composed of a laminated wooden structure (system constructive frame, with stiffening wooden floors) to a height equal to six floors, the last of which features a green roof, the “pause-square” real terraces, to help ensure the presence of green upright. The housing double skin transparent ventilated, shall operate in both seasons: the summer with the system open grids, the facade ensures the dispersion of heat accumulated during the day with the onset of “”chimney effect”, while in winter, with the closing of this system, the heat trapped between the two surfaces of the double skin, increases the containment of the heat produced internally by means of air-conditioning systems. By doing so, thanks to the high thermal insulation building envelope, the houses placed in class with a minimum higher energy required for the entire demand building’s energy. The entire housing is then shaded by a system of lamellar shielding, always in wood that, in addition to ensuring the darkening of the interior, rejects the radiation direct sunlight. The choice of using this system for the design of the cell, lies in the proven technique of production in prefabrication push the timber, combined with the low weight (compared to excellent load capacity, allows a flow rate of 14 times higher than steel and compressive strength equal to that of the concrete) and to its particular porous structure, which stores numerous pockets of heat and allows therefore to realize structures of thickness minimum and low energy consumption. Chinese laws, in the wood industry, are not permeable to a technology-oriented constructive development in this direction. To make concrete the ability to implement our plan in china we have to address the issue in appropriate legislative conferences
The concept is based on a logic integration of architecture, modularity, construction, services, and sustainable ventilation. It is an innovative concept for building high wooden structures too. The object of the project is a new integration of Architecture and Engineering, the use of materials; reinforced concrete for the central nucleus, steel for the structure and wood for the housing cells. The result is a long lasting, economic, sustainable, healthy, compact and safe Architecture. The Smartcraper has been designed with a central structure in reinforced concrete, defined bone, on which go to graft structures steel side which suspend the cells housing independent of 6 planes each, made with a modular system in wood. Of great innovation is the introduction of structural timber, through the use of a technology that uses warping of main and secondary beams of laminated wood and vertical parts and horizontal elements, wood type X-lam, composed of sheets wooden cross car-carriers of varying thickness. This type of structure allows the highest degree of design freedom, allowing to break free from the constraints of the usual mesh. Modular established, in addition, contributes to a gain of living space up until 15% compared to masonry constructions, with the ability to create housing members from the reduced thickness but high performance. Wood, due to its many properties, guarantees one hundred percent recyclability, low heat dissipation, and high aseismic, making it possible for buildings ever lighter and more sustainable. In fact, the material comes exclusively from Certified Forests and in full compliance with the environment through a process of deforestation that follows the rules of eco sustainability.
Sergio Porcellini, Carlo Anzilotti, Edward Burman
Leonardo Laffi, Francesca Canu, Alberto Detti, Mediapolis, Anzilotti Associati, Pietro Corona-CoronaSic & Partner, Marco Sala-Abita, Universita’ di Firenze, Rubner Company, Holzbau, Oskar Rainer, Roberto Modena, Marco Ferrari, Giovanni Brentari, Stefan NitzH. E. Luening Adviesbureau ABT buereau.
李奥納多．拉菲、法蘭西斯卡．卡努、阿爾具托．得蒂、Mediapolis、安吉洛蒂組織、皮耶托．可洛那-CoronaSic 旺 Partner、馬克． 莎拉-AbitaUniversita’ di Firenze、魯布口爾公司、赫茲巴烏、奥斯卡爾．
Stefan NitzH. E. Luening Adviesbureau ABT buereau
There is a traditional way to design a tall building: to repeat several times the same floor. (picture1)
At the end the building will look as a monolith, more or less boring. (picture2)
To make it less boring some architects have indulged in creating various shapes, sometime even beautiful and sculpture like. This is the traditional skyline of many modern metropolises. (picture3)
However, these buildings, often born to house offices, when they have to house apartments, seem to forget two simple words:” client” and
“Inhabitants”, the people who actually must buy and/or live in them.
In other words they forget the comfort of those who will really use the building.
然而，這些建築常常出自於一般的建設工作室(House office) 當他們在建設公寓時，似乎都忘記了簡單的兩個宇;「客后』以及「居住者」-那些真正買下房子並且佳在裡面的住戶。
In Dakar we made a first attempt: high up where are the apartments (in the lower floors there are offices and an hotel) we have located large terraces/gardens and we placed them in a way to protect them from the wind. (picture 4)
We believe that a garden I a great advantage for living in a place.
In Xian we have done something different; we have thought not to have just one building put together from base to the top, but many buildings, six stories tall and we have given to each block a garden even if the blocks are vertical, one on top of the other.
Then we have “moved” the shape of the block so that the block on top will not obstruct the light from the sky, for the garden below. (picture5)
So we have some “breaks” in the monolith building which can work perfectly well to house everything useful for the services required by the community such as garden, sport area, kindergarten, small shops and so on (picture6)
These breaks are also important to make safer and easier to clean all the systems of the building.
Therefore we have created a building much more to human scale compared to traditional very tall buildings without the beauty of being in a high position.
This architectural solution has a great visual impact because the system of blocks and gardens can make different combinations
For instance we can have :
Two buildings of lower height (fig.6.1)
Or three of even lower height (fig. 6. 2)
Or more buildings with different heights (fig.6.3)
Or a tall building and some lower around (fig. 6.4)
But this is not all.
We wanted to create inside each apartment the feeling of a “warm” friendly space and so what would be better than wood?
We know that Mr. Cui “loves” wood and therefore we have worked hard to make a proposal together with a leading company in the world for wood constructions. We believe we have found a great solution and definitely a win-win one. We build a sort of central “bone” in reinforced concrete and then some wooden blocks six story high are anchored to the central bone with steel pillars and rods. (picture7)
We have used the experience of our partners who have a great experience in very high constructions of this type. The wood allows us to have a much lighter building and this will be a great advantage for saving on costs for the structure as well as for the foundations as it will have more static strength (for instance in case of earthquakes) . The building will be very “flexible” because each of the “cells” can be modified, even during the construction time, in case of special need of the buyers because each “cell” is independent from the others.
整個結構的成本，以這些為基碳，將有更多的靜態強度（例如在地表的情況下）。該大楼將會有非常的有“彈性”． 甚至在施工時間， 在買家看特殊需求的情況下都可作調整，因為每一個 “巢室”都可以被修改。
This technology can be used in the future by Mr Cui for other buildings as it has many advantages including the fact that is much faster than iron and cement and all the elements are produced in some factories and “dry” mounted and they are also safer in case of fire.
But is not all.
We have protected the various “cells” with a double front and to save on costs we made an inside one in a “sealed” traditional way and an external one much lighter and cheaper, to protect from the sun, wind and rain.
It also has a positive climatic effect (both for the cold and hot temperatures) and therefore allows savings in energy costs. With this system we have practically the same costs of traditional façade but many more advantages. (picture 8)
•我們做了一個 “密封式的〞 傅統式技術，以及在口部和外部使其變得更輕、更便宜，以達到防曬、防風和防雨的目的。它也有一個很實際的氣候調節系統（冷熱溫度調節），因此可以節省能源成本。有了這個系統，我們有和以往建築一樣傳統的外觀，並且有幾乎相同的成本，但比起其他建築賦予更多的優點。
The double facade allows very beautiful lighting effects at night and we strongly believe that it could become a landmark for all China (picture9)
We have completed the project by imagining that the apartments, the hotel, the offices and the shops should contain the best of the Italian life style. Common spaces dedicated to fashion, to art and to cuisine.
Fashion and interior design the shops, art galleries and restaurants.
We are also thinking of highly styled decorations for the gardens at different levels all the way up to the panoramic Square on top.
It is a great Italian project for Mr. Cui who loves Rome, design and wood.